The most common consequence of traumatic dental injury is uncomplicated crown fracture. Dental trauma occurs most frequently to the maxillary central incisors, and the fracture zone may involve both enamel and dentin. The main techniques for reconstructing fractured teeth include the use of direct adhesive restorative materials Direct adhesive restorations are frequently used for the reconstruction of uncomplicated crown fractures, as in the case of fracture of the enamel and dentin without pulpal involvement. Minimal preparations are required (some restorations can be performed, in certain situations, even without any preparation), which eliminates the additional (sometimes excessive) loss of intact hard dental substance and contributes to the patient’s comfort. They minimize or even exclude the need for preparation under anesthesia.

Some Advantages of Direct Composite Restorations Are:

  1. Minimally invasive
  2. Significant fewer endodontic complications
  3. Re-intervention is easier as restoration are more reversible and amenable to repair
  4. Reduced risk of wear to opposing teeth
  5. Time saving- Only require single appointment
  6. Lower financial cost
  7. Chipping can be repaired by adding new composite layers, and colour changes sometimes can be fixed by composite resin polishing.