DR. S.V. SINGH, OMBUDSPERSON - E-mail ID: ombudsperson@santosh.ac.in

Post-graduate education is an essential component of healthcare training that aims to create specialists who can provide high-quality care and contribute to the advancement of science through research and training. The field of Anatomy is a critical area of specialization that requires a high level of expertise to meet the needs of the medical community effectively. To achieve this, it is essential to have uniform training guidelines that ensure that post-graduate students acquire the necessary competencies to handle all problems related to the specialty of Anatomy.

The purpose of these guidelines is to ensure that MD Anatomy post-graduate students receive uniform training throughout the country. The students should be able to deal effectively with the needs of the medical community and should be competent to handle all problems related to the specialty of Anatomy. The guidelines aim to equip post-graduate students with the necessary skills to teach anatomy to medical and para-medical students and integrate the teaching of Anatomy with other relevant subjects. It is essential to be aware of the limitations of one's knowledge while teaching and practicing the subject.

These guidelines have been prepared by subject-content specialists, and the Reconciliation Board of the Academic Committee has attempted to render uniformity without compromise to purpose and content. The guidelines aim to provide teachers and learners with illustrative guidelines to achieve defined outcomes through learning and assessment. While retaining the purity of syntax, compromise has been made in the presentation of the domains of learning under the heading of competencies to preserve the purpose and content.

In conclusion, post-graduate education is crucial in creating specialists who can provide high-quality healthcare and contribute to the advancement of science. The guidelines for MD Anatomy post-graduate students aim to ensure uniform training throughout the country and equip students with the necessary skills to meet the needs of the medical community effectively. These guidelines are essential in providing teachers and learners with illustrative guidelines to achieve defined outcomes through learning and assessment.

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Career Objective: 

The goal of MD Anatomy can be summarized in the following points:


Training Objectives:

  • Train doctors to become competent teachers and researchers in Anatomy.
  • Ensure awareness of contemporary advances and developments in the field of Anatomy.
  • Acquire competencies pertaining to the subject of Anatomy required to be practiced at all levels of the health system.
  • Discharge responsibilities and participate in National Health Education Programme.
  • Orient to the principles of research methodology.
  • Acquire skills in educating medical and paramedical professionals.
  • Effectively communicate with students and colleagues from various medical and paramedical fields.
  • Integrate Anatomy with other disciplines as and when needed.
  • Acquire qualities of a good teacher capable of innovations in teaching methodology.
  • Demonstrate adequate management skills to function as an effective leader of the team engaged in teaching and research.


Competencies to be achieved:

  • Knowledge of Anatomy, including gross and surface anatomy, neuroanatomy, embryology, genetics, histology, radiological anatomy, applied aspects, and recent advances of the above-mentioned branches of anatomy to clinical practice.
  • Practical and procedural skills, including mastery in dissection skills, embalming, tissue preparation, staining, and museum preparation.
  • Training skills in research methodology, including teaching, research methodology, epidemiology, basic information technology, biostatistics, and thesis preparation.
  • Professionalism, attitude, and communication skills, including the development of honest work ethics, empathetic behavior with students and colleagues, and the ability to interact with colleagues, teachers, and students.
  • Teaching Anatomy, including practicing different methods of teaching-learning and making presentations of subject topics and research outputs.
  • Problem-solving skills, including the ability to identify applied implications of the knowledge of Anatomy, correlate clinical conditions to anatomical/embryological/hereditary factors, and evaluate scientific/clinical information and critically analyze conflicting data and hypotheses.


The Team: 





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There shall be four theory papers.

 Paper I: Gross Anatomy

 Paper II: Embryology, Microscopic Anatomy and Genetics

 Paper III: Neuroanatomy

 Paper IV: Applied Human Anatomy and recent advances in anatomical Sciences


Practical’s:      spread over a minimum of 2 days

 First Day Practical:

(a): Gross Anatomy

 Dissection and related viva voce

(b): Histology

 Spotting (10 spots) and viva voce

 Techniques paraffin block making, section cutting. Staining (H and E stain) with related viva

 Second Day Practical:

a) Microteaching of a short topic to assess teaching skills

b) A short synopsis of the thesis work should be presented by the post graduate student

c) Grand viva including Gross anatomy, cross sectional anatomy, radiological

 Anatomy, Surface Anatomy, Embryology


Practical and Oral: 

Practical Examination to be organized as per details given below:

Dissection on cadaver

Histology spotting

Histological techniques

Surface Marking


Teaching ability

Thesis presentation


Teaching & learning: 

  1. The teaching methodology for MD students should encompass a variety of techniques to promote comprehensive learning and prepare them for their future careers. The following methodologies are recommended:
  2. Didactic Teaching -   Including lectures on anatomy, embryology, and genetics by experienced faculty members.
  3. Communication Skills -  Training in communication skills, seminars, journal clubs, tutorials, and quizzing.
  4. Hands-on Experience -  practical experience in techniques in microanatomy, neuroanatomy, gross anatomy, embryology, histochemistry, genetics, microscopy, embalming, and preservation of cadavers.
  5. Teaching Experience -  participation in the teaching and training programme of undergraduate students and interns.
  6. Seminars and Symposia -   participation in seminars, symposia, group-discussions, and Journal clubs.
  7. Educational Technology -   preparation of audio-visual aids, posters/manuscripts, and publication in journals.
  8. Evaluation Methods -   Participation in formulating evaluation methods, including setting objective questions, short-answer questions, multiple-choice questions, and objective structured practical examinations (OSPE).
  9. Teaching Modules and Museum Specimens -   preparation of teaching modules and museum specimens.
  10. Organization of Symposia/Workshops -   participation in the organization of symposia/workshops.
  11. Radiological Anatomy -  understanding and interpretation of normal radiological anatomy.
  12. Living Anatomy -     demonstration of surface and living anatomy of the human body.
  13. Forensic Anatomy -  understanding of the medico-legal aspects of bone.
  14. Anatomy and Organ Transplantation Act -   explanation of the general principles of the Anatomy Act and Organ Transplantation Act.
  15. Ethical Aspects -   comprehension of ethical aspects of biomedical research.
  16. Biomedical Waste -   comprehension of the basis of disposal of biomedical waste.
  17. Integration of Subdivisions -  understanding of the horizontal integration of various subdivisions of anatomy with relevant physiology and biochemistry.
  18. Presentation Requirements -   A postgraduate student would be required to present one poster presentation, read one paper at a national/state conference, and present one research paper, which should be published/accepted for publication/sent for publication during the period of their postgraduate studies.
  19. E-Learning Activities - The department should encourage e-learning activities to complement traditional teaching methods.


Career Prospective:

MD Anatomy opens up various career opportunities for the graduates in both academic and non-academic fields. Some of the potential career paths for MD Anatomy graduates are:

Academics:   Teaching anatomy in medical colleges and universities as a faculty member.

Research:   Conducting research in various areas of anatomy and allied fields, and publishing scientific papers.

Clinical Practice:     Working as a clinical anatomist in hospitals and clinics to assist in surgical procedures.

Forensic Science:  Working in forensic laboratories to analyze and interpret anatomical evidence.

Medical Writing:  Working as a medical writer for academic publications, pharmaceutical companies, and other healthcare-related organizations.

Medical Illustration:   Creating anatomical illustrations and animations for medical textbooks, journals, and educational materials.

Public Health:   Working in public health organizations to promote health education and disease prevention through anatomical knowledge.

Overall, MD Anatomy provides graduates with a wide range of career options in the healthcare and research industries.